How to Choose the Right Tactical Backpack
24/10/2020 | Hercules Army Action
We'll get into the details and choose our favorites, so if you're looking for a tactical backpack to add to your loadout, you've come to the right place.
Selecting the right backpack is important. Your bag needs to be the perfect size to accommodate all your gear — not too big, not too small. It needs to be comfortable, durable, and have the functionality to allow you to store your essentials efficiently. With so many features, styles and sizes to choose from, finding the right backpack can be overwhelming without the proper help. We put together the definitive guide to help you navigate all your options in order to find the perfect tactical backpack.
So, what is a tactical backpack?
Durability is the first defining attribute of a tactical backpack. You'll find high-end fabrics like Cordura and ballistic nylon in any such backpack worthy of the title. Cordura and similar fabrics have high tensile strength fibers that withstand long term wear. You can stuff your bag to the stretching point, expose it to the elements, scuff it, scrape it, toss it in your car and move about your world without fear of damaging it. They're designed to stand up to abuse.
Another identifying feature of a tactical backpack is the militaristic look and feel of it. The appearance of things like MOLLE webbing (we'll get into exactly what that is later), Velcro patch zones, and tactical colors like black, desert tan, OD green, and of course, camo are dead giveaways that you're looking at a tactical backpack.
And finally, many tactical backpacks include dedicated compartments for hydration bladders. After all, the tactical backpack was built for warfighters, and those folks tend to get thirsty while doing the work of American badasses.
Generally speaking, if a backpack looks like something you'd see in a war zone, it's probably a tactical backpack. But that doesn't mean all tactical backpacks are built alike. Let's get into the reasons why you should add one to your personal loadout.
What should you use a tactical backpack for?
The answer to this is pretty simple: Use a tactical backpack for carrying stuff from here to there. The days of the American man earning his 9 to 5 wage accompanied by a well-worn leather briefcase are officially dead, and the tactical backpack killed them. If you're headed to work—whether it's to a police station, military base, fire house, or just an office job like the rest of us schmucks—you're probably carrying everything you need in a backpack.
Tactical backpacks have grown in popularity because of their ease of use and tough construction. Whereas a standard book bag might fall apart within a couple years of use, a tactical backpack will stand up to whatever you throw at it. A regular backpack may come with enough pockets for your daily commute, but a tactical backpack will have more room, allowing you to run more errands, carry more stuff, and extend your personal range.
Then there's the customization afforded to you by way of the MOLLE exterior. The US military sure loves their acronyms—MOLLE stands for Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment. MOLLE interacts with PALS (here we go again), which stands for Pouch Attachment Ladder System, meaning you can customize your tactical backpack with attachments like first-aid pouches, magazine pouches, and more. An additional benefit of MOLLE webbing is easy access to basic gear like pens and knives which you can stow on the exterior.
Tactical Backpack Sizes
Not all tactical backpacks are the same size; their volume varies, and while some bags are pretty small, others can be quite large. The volume of an object is the measurement of its length multiplied by the measurement of its width and height. Tactical backpacks are often measured in cubic inches, but an easier way to think about backpack size is in terms of liters. Since most packs are not perfect rectangles, liters more accurately represent their size. On the lower end, backpacks usually start at around 5 liters, with larger options of 60 liters or more. Below is a general guideline for choosing the size of your backpack.
Everyday carry (or EDC) bags are small tactical backpacks designed to hold only the essential items you need to take with you day to day. Sometimes EDC packs are referred to as 12 hour packs. These backpacks vary in size from about 5 to 35 liters. Shop EDC Tactical Backpacks
24 Hour Backpacks
An EDC backpack is made to carry enough gear to get you through your typical day. When you plan on being gone overnight though, you'll need something a little bigger. A 24 hour pack is large enough to accommodate even more gear for longer assignments. These tactical backpacks are generally 30 to 40 liters in volume. Shop 24 Hour Backpacks
3 Day Backpacks
If you're planning on being gone for an extended period of time, it would be wise to take along a 3 day backpack. These packs can fit everything you may need over the course of multiple days and have many of the same features as backpacking packs. Bags of this type are very large, typically 40 to 65 liters in volume or more. Shop 3 Day Tactical Backpacks
Tactical backpacks aren't simply designed to carry a lot — they're also designed to carry intuitively. Poor load management can result in high fatigue and even serious injuries. Therefore, it is absolutely vital to understand how to carry your gear properly. Here are some load management features on tactical backpacks and how to effectively utilize them.
Shoulder straps are the foundation for carrying any backpack. You'll want to be sure they are adjustable for a custom fit. There are different styles of shoulder straps to consider which affect the ergonomics of your pack.
Straight Shoulder Straps
Straight shoulder straps are the least common type of shoulder straps on tactical backpacks. They prioritize appearance over functionality and don't provide a very ergonomic fit. They are usually large, though, so they have plenty of space for padding to maximize comfort.
Curved Shoulder Straps
Curved shoulder straps are by far the most common type of shoulder straps. They are designed to emulate the natural shape of the body for a nice, ergonomic fit. These straps will almost always come with plenty of padding and adjustability.
As you add weight to your pack, a sternum strap helps to provide more comfort and stability. This additional strap changes the way weight is dispersed across your chest and shoulders for better load management. It will also prevent your pack from swinging when negotiating obstacles or rough terrain. This added balance is important in curtailing fatigue.
When pack weight starts to surpass twenty pounds, additional load management features become necessary to effectively operate over long distances. Hip belts help to transfer the weight of a heavy pack from your back and shoulders to your hips. Adjust the backpack so the padded section of the hip belt is hugging the top of your hips. Called the iliac crest, this location on your torso will utilize your core strength to carry the pack's weight more efficiently. This principle of transferring weight to your hips is more than just ergonomics — you will be able to ruck heavier weights faster and further while expending less energy than carrying the full load on your shoulders.
Backpack frames work in conjunction with a hip belt to further optimize the physics involved in transferring weight from your shoulders to your core. They do this by adding rigidity to the pack's structure or with components attaching directly to the hip belt. As each additional component ultimately adds weight to your pack, frames are typically constructed with very lightweight materials.
Frame sheets are typically used on smaller packs as a lightweight option to provide rigidity. A simple piece of plastic placed in a pack's back panel helps the pack keep its shape when stuffed with gear. This helps to relieve pressure on the shoulders and aids in the overall weight distribution of the pack.
Internal frames are common in larger packs where a simple frame sheet is inadequate for the weight being carried. Usually made from aluminum rods called stays, these frames are built into the backpack itself and will attach directly to the hip belt. These stays are even more effective at transferring the load from the shoulders to the hips.
External frame backpacks pre-date internal frame options and are less common today. As their name implies, these packs are constructed with the frame on the outside. One benefit of this design is the ability to strap items directly to the frame. This is very useful when packing out game or carrying unwieldy items. Though typically heavier than internal frame packs, this purpose-built design is often superior for certain tasks.
Found on the side of a tactical backpack, compression straps allow for a bag to be flattened or expanded depending on the size of the load. It's always advantageous to carry weight closer to the body, and compression straps help to tamp down a half-full bag to eliminate excess space. Compressing a pack closer to your body allows for increased balance, better load management, and a more comfortable overall carrying experience.
Rear Loading Straps
Rear loading straps are found on the back, and often bottom of a backpack. Their purpose is to secure items that are too large to fit in the main compartment like a sleeping bag or a blanket. When using rear loading straps, be sure to balance the gear on which you're using them with the rest of your load.
Side Loading Straps
Side loading straps provide even more opportunity to store gear outside of a backpack's main compartments. Again, the key when using these straps is to make sure your load is still balanced when everything is secured.
Access and Opening Styles
The primary purpose of a tactical backpack is to store your gear and make it easier to carry. Just as important, however, is how you get to your gear. There are many different access and opening styles a tactical backpack might have. Each style is designed with accessibility in mind and comes with its own unique set of advantages. Here are some of the most common types.
Splayed openings allow a backpack's compartments to fan out when unzipped. This provides easy, immediate access to the contents inside each compartment. Great for staying organized, splayed openings allow for separation between large and small items.
Clamshell packs feature a zippered opening on three sides with a single side attached to the pack that acts as a hinge. Organizational channels and pockets within the main compartment allow items to be grouped as needed to prevent the main pocket from becoming messy.
Top access openings allow for the retrieval of belongings from the top down. This access style helps to ensure that gear stays packed in tightly without accidentally spilling out as long as the bag remains upright.
As its name suggests, rolltop tactical backpacks feature a top flap that rolls up like a dry bag and typically closes shut with a buckle. Rolltop backpacks are exceptionally water-resistant and good to use when weather may be an issue.
Organization is another important aspect of a tactical backpack. When packing gear, you shouldn't simply throw things into your pack randomly. It's best to stow belongings intuitively so you'll have access to items in the order in which you'll need or use them. There are plenty of ways to organize your gear to ensure easy, uninhibited access.
Pockets are the easiest way to organize your gear. They allow you to separate things by size, use or significance for quick and convenient access. The following are some common organizational pockets and provisions in a tactical backpack.
Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment webbing, or MOLLE, was introduced in the 1990s and is used widely by the United States military. MOLLE is a system of loops sewn onto a plate carrier or backpack that fits other MOLLE compatible gear. As the U.S. Armed Forces began using gear with MOLLE webbing, the trend found its way into tactical backpacks to offer civilians the same level of organizational utility.
MOLLE webbing is typically used for adding storage pouches to a pack. These pouches provide immediate access to gear you may need right away like magazines, radios, phones and flashlights. Instead of having to stop, remove your pack, unzip it and dig for extra ammunition, a pouch allows you to simply reach back, grab and reload. Retrieving important gear quickly can make all the difference when you're under pressure. Shop Tactical Pouches
MOLLE webbing provides a customized and versatile carrying experience. If a pack's main and secondary compartments become overcrowded with gear, MOLLE webbing offers the opportunity for extra storage space on the outside of the backpack. It is important to be strategic when adding provisions to your pack with MOLLE webbing. The extra pouches and pockets should be attached in such a way that your gear is still accessible, organized and balanced. Take a look at our guide on how to use MOLLE to learn how to attach pouches and other provisions to your backpack.
When carrying heavy loads, it's important to stay hydrated. That can often be tough to do — not all backpacks have provisions for water bottles, and a water bottle stored inside a pack cannot be accessed without stopping. A solution to this hydration problem, especially popular among members of the U.S. military, is using a backpack with a hydration bladder.
Hydration bladders are very popular in tactical backpacks. These rubber reservoirs rest within the backpack itself and can hold multiple liters of water at a time. A hose runs from the bladder through a channel in the backpack, and drinking from it is as simple as drawing the hose's bite valve up to your mouth. Hydration packs allow travelers to carry an easily accessible, hassle-free water supply that can last all day. In case you're very lost and without water, be sure to learn how to find water in a survival situation. Shop Hydration Compatible Tactical Backpacks
Tactical backpacks are used primarily by military members and law enforcement officers to help them organize, transport and protect their gear. These backpacks are likely to see a lot of rough treatment in the course of duty. As a result, they are made of the toughest materials available so they don't rip or fall apart during critical situations. Here are some common materials out of which tactical backpacks are typically made.
Cordura is a tough fabric that is resistant to scuffs, abrasions and tears. It has been used by the U.S. military for over 45 years for its incredible durability. It can be found in footwear, combat shirts, pants, jackets and, of course, backpacks.
Its name alone does well to establish ballistic nylon's toughness. Developed by Dupont and used in World War II flak jackets to protect airmen from shrapnel, this thick fabric is incredibly resilient. Outside of backpacks, many knife sheaths, belts and watch bands are made from ballistic nylon.
Ripstop fabrics, as their name implies, are resistant to ripping and tearing. While ripstop fabrics may not be as tough as cordura or ballistic nylon, they still provide above-average durability while remaining lightweight and thin (and, therefore, more comfortable).
Used primarily in clothing, polyester doesn't provide the same level of resilience as ballistic nylon or cordura. It is remarkably light, however, meaning that a tactical backpack with polyester is more comfortable and easy to carry while still offering adequate durability.
In short, there is no perfect or best tactical backpack. Choosing your optimal backpack comes down to personal necessity and the activities you're planning on doing with your bag. There's a wide range of options to consider when shopping for a tactical backpack. Being knowledgeable and selective about these options is the best way to decide which bag to pick.